Juliflora prosopis is a valuable plant in xerophytic vegetation with a twisted stem,flexible branches,strong thorns,bipinnate leaves,pale yellow flowers & a flattened fruit.Where,it provides fodder and shed to the cattles living in arid and semi-arid regions.
Juliflora prosopis grows from the coast to an altitude of 100 meter preferring lower quality,arid,rocky and dry lands ,where its reproduction and spreading ability is enormous,
We know that,For every high there is a low,Every good a bad,Every action a reaction.As,the same Juliflora prosopis also has its another side of action towards the mother nature.
Yes,in 1960 the researchers found the root of Juliflora prosopis beneath 53 meter under a mine near Tuckson,Arizona.Which,proves that these roots are able to grow to a great depth in search of water.
But,Unnowing the flaws of this plant the vegetative countries like India,Srilanka has brought this plant species voluntarily to their own soil by thinking that it will provide fodder for cattle& firewood in the sense.
But,in reality it becomes a disaster by destroying the water table and affecting the growth of indigenous plant species,by sucking out huge quantities of water for its growth.During,the drought period the impact used to be extremely worse.
A recent research says that the Juliflora prosopis contains neurotoxic alcoloids which becomes poisonous to the livestock which feeds its seeds excessively.
It cannot even shelter birds as it produces less oxygen and more carbon dioxide.And if there is no groundwater,it starts absorbing humidity from the surroundings.
So,it is shown that Juliflora prosopis is a major boon when growing in its native habitat like desert lands by making the desert environment more habitable and providing fuel,food and feed.
But,in the ecologically active environment the invasion of juliflora prosopis will become a aggressive colonizer & it becomes a major monopoliser of natural resources and a destroyer of biodiversity.
So,eradiction of this species is the only solution to protect the ecologically active environment.By this way it should be uprooted instead of being cut or cleared.If it is cut, these trees have the tendency to grow back faster.
The vitality of the seeds of Juliflora prosopis is minimum 10 Years.So,the Mass germination is stimulated when the surrounding vegetation is removed or the soil is disturbed.Therfore,there is a need of sustained control methods and programmes for longer period to control the spread of Juliflora Prosopis.